More than simply beautiful decorative elements, antique Persian rugs can also be a wise investment. Persian rugs are handmade in Iran, formerly Persia.
A fine antique rug will last more than a lifetime. Like all antiques, the rug must be at least 100 years old to be a true antique. Beware of “antiqued” rugs that are chemically washed to give an older appearance but are not true antique Persian rugs.
What makes antique Persian rugs expensive is as much about quality as it is about age. Antique Persian rugs are hand-woven on a loom, which distinguishes them from modern copies that are machine made. Weaving consists of weft, the long vertical threads, the horizontal threads called warp and the knots that make up the color and pattern of the rug. In antique Persian rugs, the warp and weft can be wool, cotton or silk while the knots are usually made of wool. Remember, the higher the number of knots, the higher the quality of a rug.
The best wool is handspun and has a sheen or gloss to it. Good quality wool is another factor that adds to the expense of a Persian rug. Color is traditionally achieved with vegetable dyes. Modern rugs use chemical dyes which do not have the same depth as vegetable dyes.
Ask questions and always buy from a trusted dealer. You do get what you pay for when it comes to fine antique rugs, so beware if the price seems too good to be true. A pleasing pattern, high knot count and good quality wool will help make your Persian rug a great investment.